Consumer Confidence Report

Windom 2019 Drinking Water Report

This report contains important information about your drinking water. Have someone translate it for you, or speak with someone who understands it.

Información importante.  Si no la entiende, haga que alguien se la traduzca ahora.

Making Safe Drinking Water

Your drinking water comes from a groundwater source: eight wells ranging from 87 to 142 feet deep, that draw water from the Quaternary Buried Unconfined, Quaternary Buried Artesian and Quaternary Water Table aquifers.

Windom works hard to provide you with safe and reliable drinking water that meets federal and state water quality requirements. The purpose of this report is to provide you with information on your drinking water and how to protect our precious water resources.

Contact Glenn Lund, Water\Wastewater Superintendent, at 507-831-6138 or if you have questions about Windom’s drinking water. You can also ask for information about how you can take part in decisions that may affect water quality.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency sets safe drinking water standards. These standards limit the amounts of specific contaminants allowed in drinking water. This ensures that tap water is safe to drink for most people. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration regulates the amount of certain contaminants in bottled water. Bottled water must provide the same public health protection as public tap water.

Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1‑800‑426‑4791.

Windom Monitoring Results

This report contains our monitoring results from January 1 to December 31, 2019.

We work with the Minnesota Department of Health to test drinking water for more than 100 contaminants. It is not unusual to detect contaminants in small amounts. No water supply is ever completely free of contaminants. Drinking water standards protect Minnesotans from substances that may be harmful to their health.

Learn more by visiting the Minnesota Department of Health’s webpage Basics of Monitoring and testing of Drinking Water in Minnesota (

How to Read the Water Quality Data Tables

The tables below show the contaminants we found last year or the most recent time we sampled for that contaminant. They also show the levels of those contaminants and the Environmental Protection Agency’s limits. Substances that we tested for but did not find are not included in the tables.

We sample for some contaminants less than once a year because their levels in water are not expected to change from year to year. If we found any of these contaminants the last time we sampled for them, we included them in the tables below with the detection date.

We may have done additional monitoring for contaminants that are not included in the Safe Drinking Water Act. To request a copy of these results, call the Minnesota Department of Health at 651-201-4700 or 1-800-818-9318 between 8:00 a.m. and 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday.


  • AL (Action Level): The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.
  • EPA: Environmental Protection Agency
  • MCL (Maximum contaminant level): The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.
  • MCLG (Maximum contaminant level goal): The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.
  • MRDL (Maximum residual disinfectant level): The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water. There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.
  • MRDLG (Maximum residual disinfectant level goal): The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants.
  • N/A (Not applicable): Does not apply.
  • ppb (parts per billion): One part per billion in water is like one drop in one billion drops of water, or about one drop in a swimming pool. ppb is the same as micrograms per liter (μg/l).
  • ppm (parts per million): One part per million is like one drop in one million drops of water, or about one cup in a swimming pool. ppm is the same as milligrams per liter (mg/l).
  • PWSID: Public water system identification.

Monitoring Results – Regulated Substances

LEAD AND COPPER – Tested at customer taps.

Contaminant (Date, if sampled in previous year)

EPA’s Ideal Goal (MCLG)

EPA’s Action Level

90% of Results Were Less Than

Number of Homes with High Levels


Typical Sources


0 ppb

90% of homes less than 15 ppb

1.9 ppb

0 out of 19


Corrosion of household plumbing.


0 ppm

90% of homes less than 1.3 ppm

1.02 ppm

0 out of 19


Corrosion of household plumbing.

Potential Health Effects and Corrective Actions (If Applicable)

Copper/Lead: During the year, we failed to take a sample and/or submit information on lead and copper during the required testing period(s) of 06/01/19 to 09/30/19.  Because we did not monitor or failed to monitor completely during the compliance period(s), we did not know whether lead or copper was present in your drinking water, and we are unable to tell you whether your health was at risk during this time.

INORGANIC & ORGANIC CONTAMINANTS – Tested in drinking water.

Contaminant (Date, if sampled in previous year)

EPA’s Ideal Goal (MCLG)

EPA’s Limit (MCL)

Highest Average or Highest Single Test Result

Range of Detected Test Results


Typical Sources


10 ppm

10.4 ppm

0.88 ppm



Runoff from fertilizer use; Leaching from septic tanks, sewage; Erosion of natural deposits.


2 ppm

2 ppm

0.21 ppm



Discharge of drilling wastes; Discharge from metal refineries; Erosion of natural deposit.


Substance (Date, if sampled in previous year)

EPA’s Ideal Goal (MCLG or MRDLG)

EPA’s Limit (MCL or MRDL)

Highest Average or Highest Single Test Result

Range of Detected Test Results


Typical Sources

Total Trihalomethanes (TTHMs)


80 ppb

21 ppb



By-product of drinking water disinfection.

Total Haloacetic Acids (HAA)


60 ppb

8.2 ppb



By-product of drinking water disinfection.

Total Chlorine

4.0 ppm

4.0 ppm

1.15 ppm

0.30 – 2.12 ppm


Water additive used to control microbes.

Total HAA refers to HAA5

OTHER SUBSTANCES – Tested in drinking water.

Substance (Date, if sampled in previous year)

EPA’s Ideal Goal (MCLG)

EPA’s Limit (MCL)

Highest Average or Highest Single Test Result

Range of Detected Test Results


Typical Sources


4.0 ppm

4.0 ppm

0.69 ppm

0.64 – 0.77 ppm


Erosion of natural deposits; Water additive to promote strong teeth.

Potential Health Effects and Corrective Actions (If Applicable)

Fluoride:   Fluoride is nature’s cavity fighter, with small amounts present naturally in many drinking water sources. There is an overwhelming weight of credible, peer-reviewed, scientific evidence that fluoridation reduces tooth decay and cavities in children and adults, even when there is availability of fluoride from other sources, such as fluoride toothpaste and mouth rinses. Since studies show that optimal fluoride levels in drinking water benefit public health, municipal community water systems adjust the level of fluoride in the water to a concentration between 0.5 to 1.5 parts per million (ppm), with an optimal fluoridation goal between 0.7 and 1.2 ppm to protect your teeth. Fluoride levels below 2.0 ppm are not expected to increase the risk of a cosmetic condition known as enamel fluorosis.



Monitoring Results – Unregulated Substances

In addition to testing drinking water for contaminants regulated under the Safe Drinking Water Act, we sometimes also monitor for contaminants that are not regulated. Unregulated contaminants do not have legal limits for drinking water.

Detection alone of a regulated or unregulated contaminant should not cause concern. The meaning of a detection should be determined considering current health effects information.  We are often still learning about the health effects, so this information can change over time.

The following table shows the unregulated contaminants we detected last year, as well as human-health based guidance values for comparison, where available. The comparison values are based only on potential health impacts and do not consider our ability to measure contaminants at very low concentrations or the cost and technology of prevention and/or treatment. They may be set at levels that are costly, challenging, or impossible for water systems to meet (for example, large-scale treatment technology may not exist for a given contaminant).

A person drinking water with a contaminant at or below the comparison value would be at little or no risk for harmful health effects. If the level of a contaminant is above the comparison value, people of a certain age or with special health conditions – like a fetus, infants, children, elderly, and people with impaired immunity – may need to take extra precautions. Because these contaminants are unregulated, EPA and MDH require no particular action based on detection of an unregulated contaminant. We are notifying you of the unregulated contaminants we have detected as a public education opportunity.

▪            More information is available on MDH’s A-Z List of Contaminants in Water ( and Fourth Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule (UCMR 4) (

UNREGULATED CONTAMINANTS – Tested in drinking water.


Comparison Value

Highest Average Result or Highest Single Test Result

Range of Detected Test Results


20 ppm

14.1 ppm



500 ppm

69 ppm


*Note that home water softening can increase the level of sodium in your water.

Some People Are More Vulnerable to Contaminants in Drinking Water

Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. The developing fetus and therefore pregnant women may also be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water. These people or their caregivers should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. EPA/Centers for Disease Control (CDC) guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1‑800‑426‑4791.

Learn More about Your Drinking Water

Drinking Water Sources

Minnesota’s primary drinking water sources are groundwater and surface water. Groundwater is the water found in aquifers beneath the surface of the land. Groundwater supplies 75 percent of Minnesota’s drinking water. Surface water is the water in lakes, rivers, and streams above the surface of the land. Surface water supplies 25 percent of Minnesota’s drinking water.

Contaminants can get in drinking water sources from the natural environment and from people’s daily activities. There are five main types of contaminants in drinking water sources.

  • Microbial contaminants, such as viruses, bacteria, and parasites. Sources include sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, pets, and wildlife.
  • Inorganic contaminants include salts and metals from natural sources (e.g. rock and soil), oil and gas production, mining and farming operations, urban stormwater runoff, and wastewater discharges.
  • Pesticides and herbicides are chemicals used to reduce or kill unwanted plants and pests. Sources include agriculture, urban stormwater runoff, and commercial and residential properties.
  • Organic chemical contaminants include synthetic and volatile organic compounds. Sources include industrial processes and petroleum production, gas stations, urban stormwater runoff, and septic systems.
  • Radioactive contaminants such as radium, thorium, and uranium isotopes come from natural sources (e.g. radon gas from soils and rock), mining operations, and oil and gas production.

The Minnesota Department of Health provides information about your drinking water source(s) in a source water assessment, including:

  • How Windom is protecting your drinking water source(s);
  • Nearby threats to your drinking water sources;
  • How easily water and pollution can move from the surface of the land into drinking water sources, based on natural geology and the way wells are constructed.

Find your source water assessment at Source Water Assessments ( or call 651-201-4700 or 1-800-818-9318 between 8:00 a.m. and 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday.

Lead in Drinking Water

You may be in contact with lead through paint, water, dust, soil, food, hobbies, or your job. Coming in contact with lead can cause serious health problems for everyone. There is no safe level of lead. Babies, children under six years, and pregnant women are at the highest risk.

Lead is rarely in a drinking water source, but it can get in your drinking water as it passes through lead service lines and your household plumbing system. Windom is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but it cannot control the plumbing materials used in private buildings.

Read below to learn how you can protect yourself from lead in drinking water.

  1. Let the water run for 30-60 seconds before using it for drinking or cooking if the water has not been turned on in over six hours. If you have a lead service line, you may need to let the water run longer. A service line is the underground pipe that brings water from the main water pipe under the street to your home.
    • You can find out if you have a lead service line by contacting your public water system, or you can check by following the steps at:
    • The only way to know if lead has been reduced by letting it run is to check with a test. If letting the water run does not reduce lead, consider other options to reduce your exposure.
  2. Use cold water for drinking, making food, and making baby formula. Hot water releases more lead from pipes than cold water.
  3. Test your water. In most cases, letting the water run and using cold water for drinking and cooking should keep lead levels low in your drinking water. If you are still concerned about lead, arrange with a laboratory to test your tap water. Testing your water is important if young children or pregnant women drink your tap water.
  4. Treat your water if a test shows your water has high levels of lead after you let the water run.

Learn more:



Help Protect Our Most Precious Resource – Water


Conservation is essential, even in the land of 10,000 lakes. For example, in parts of the metropolitan area, groundwater is being used faster than it can be replaced. Some agricultural regions in Minnesota are vulnerable to drought, which can affect crop yields and municipal water supplies.

We must use our water wisely. Below are some tips to help you and your family conserve – and save money in the process.

▪            Fix running toilets—they can waste hundreds of gallons of water.

▪            Turn off the tap while shaving or brushing your teeth.

▪            Shower instead of bathe. Bathing uses more water than showering, on average.

▪            Only run full loads of laundry, and set the washing machine to the correct water level.

▪            Only run the dishwasher when it’s full.

▪            Use water-efficient appliances (look for the WaterSense label).

▪            Use water-friendly landscaping, such as native plants.

▪            When you do water your yard, water slowly, deeply, and less frequently. Water early in the morning and close to the ground.

▪            Learn more

▪            Minnesota Pollution Control Agency’s Conserving Water webpage (

▪            U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s WaterSense webpage (

Home Water Treatment

Reduce Backflow at Cross Connections

Bacteria and chemicals can enter the drinking water supply from polluted water sources in a process called backflow. Backflow occurs at connection points between drinking water and non-drinking water supplies (cross connections) due to water pressure differences.

For example, if a person sprays an herbicide with a garden hose, the herbicide could enter the home’s plumbing and then enter the drinking water supply. This could happen if the water pressure in the hose is greater than the water pressure in the home’s pipes.

Property owners can help prevent backflow. Pay attention to cross connections, such as garden hoses.

The Minnesota Department of Health and American Water Works Association recommend the following:

▪            Do not submerge hoses in buckets, pools, tubs, or sinks.

▪            Keep the end of hoses clear of possible contaminants.

▪            Do not use spray attachments without a backflow prevention device. Attach these devices to threaded faucets. Such devices are inexpensive and available at hardware stores.

▪            Use a licensed plumber to install backflow prevention devices.

▪            Maintain air gaps between hose outlets and liquids. An air gap is a vertical space between the water outlet and the flood level of a fixture (e.g. the space between a wall-mounted faucet and the sink rim). It must be at least twice the diameter of the water supply outlet, and at least one inch.

▪            Commercial property owners should develop a plan for flushing or cleaning water systems to minimize the risk of drawing contaminants into uncontaminated areas.


The Pros and Cons of Home Water Softening

When considering whether to use a water softener, contact your public water system to find out if you have hard water. Many systems treat for hardness, making water softeners unnecessary.

Water softeners are a water treatment device. They remove water hardness (dissolved calcium and magnesium). Water softeners must be installed and maintained properly to be safe and effective. Learn more at Home Water Softening (

The benefits of soft water include:

▪            Increased efficiency for soaps and detergents.

▪            Reduction in mineral staining on fixtures and in pipes.

▪            A potential increase in the lifespan of water heaters.

The drawbacks of soft water include:

▪            Operation and maintenance costs.

▪            More sodium. People on low-sodium diets should consult a doctor if they plan to regularly consume softened water.

▪            The production of salt brine as a byproduct. This can have negative effects at wastewater treatment plants and on ecosystems. Reduce the amount of salt brine used or install a salt-free system.



2018 Wellness Program – Kindness Matters

It’s a time to encourage random acts of kindness for friends, family, colleagues, and even strangers. Some common benefits of benevolence, according to the Random Acts of Kindness organization, include increasing energy, happiness, and serotonin levels while lowering stress, anxiety, and blood pressure.

Click HERE to earn participation credit for 2018 $250.00 VEBA Incentive payment.

While spreading kindness is good, it’s better to find simple ideas on a daily basis. Here are five ways you can carry on workplace goodwill:

  1. Showing Gratitude A simple “thank you,” makes us all feel appreciated about our work and encourages us excel. Offer your gratitude with a sincere smile, and express why the action was so helpful or important. Explain how a difference was made, and return the favor with sincerity and thanks.
  2. Greeting with a Hello and Goodbye A quick “Goodmorning” and “Bye” will make all the difference in a day. Human interaction is crucial and will help create a positive environment. The next time you’re going into the office, make it a point to greet others with eye contact, a smile, and a question about the day. Start the day on a positive note with a quick courtesy.
  3. Remembering Names Taking the time to learn names will personalize your interactions, creating mutual respect and a friendlier workspace. This creates mutual respect between coworkers, and building staff too.
  4. Helping Hand If you know a colleague’s strengths and weaknesses, use this as an opportunity to lend a hand. Help guide those who struggle, while helping a coworker with a certain strength move up or into a better position. For instance, if a coworker is amazing at creating powerpoint presentations, but not so much at public speaking and you’re great at speeches, then team up, and incorporate them into the presentation and highlight their skills.
  5. Stop Rumors If you hear negative talk or gossip about a coworker in (or outside) the office, then intervene. Rumors are detrimental, no matter how small. Combat negativity with kind words about others, and strive to appreciate the positive in everyone.


As part of the 2018 Live Well program we are scheduling a presentation with Joe Branca from Ameriprise to discuss financial/retirement planning tools.  

DATE: Wednesday August 8th

TIME: 6:00 PM


Whether you are near retirement, or it seems too far away to think about, this presentation will be beneficial.  This program is strictly voluntary but employees and spouses are encouraged to attend. 

NOTE: Attendance will count toward earning $250 VEBA incentive for 2018.



Just Released! Updated Withholding Calculator and 2018 Form W-4

The IRS released an updated withholding calculator and the 2018 Form W-4 on February 28, 2018. The calculator reflects changes to the tax law following the passage of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act in December. Taxpayers are encouraged to use the calculator to ensure that they have the correct amount of tax withheld from their paychecks.

In particular, the IRS urges taxpayers in the following groups to check their withholding:

  • Two-income families.
  • People with two or more jobs at the same time or who only work for part of the year.
  • People with children who claim credits such as the Child Tax Credit.
  • People who itemized deductions in 2017.
  • People with high incomes and more complex tax returns.

Taxpayers with more complex situations might need to use IRS Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax, expected to be available on in early spring, instead of the Withholding Calculator. This includes those who owe self-employment tax, the alternative minimum tax, or tax on unearned income from dependents, and people who have capital gains and dividends.

The withholding calculator asks taxpayers to estimate their 2018 income and other items that affect their taxes, including the number of children claimed for the Child Tax Credit, Earned Income Tax Credit and other items. To use the calculator, taxpayers will need their most recent pay stub and a completed copy of their 2017 (or possibly 2016) tax return.

If the calculator indicates that a change in withholding is needed, taxpayers should complete a 2018 form W-4 and submit it to their employer as soon as possible.

The IRS notes that the results of the calculator are only as accurate as the information entered. If circumstances change during the year, taxpayers should come back to the calculator to make sure their withholding is still correct.

Link to IRS withholding calculator, frequently asked questions, and Form W-4:


If you have not done so please sign-up for the FREE biometric screening offered to City of Windom employees.

IMPORTANT NOTE: To qualify for $250.00 VEBA incentive offered in 2018 employees must participate in the biometric screenings. 

Where? Windom Hy-Vee

What do you need to do?

Get an appointment. Call Linda on her cell phone 507 920 6461 to set this up. If she is not available she will call you back.

You must be fasting (nothing to eat or drink for 9-12 hours) prior to this.

***You may drink water and take any prescription pills ordered by your doctor.****

It is best to be well hydrated-it makes it easier to collect a blood sample.

What will be done?

The Windom Hy-Vee dietitian Linda Carruthers will weigh you, take a sample of your blood from your finger, check your blood pressure, measure your body fat percentage and Body Mass Index.  Labwork includes total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglycerides, fasting blood sugar.  You will receive a copy of all of the results and some information on how to improve your numbers if needed. The City of Windom will pay $45 per person.

Tuesday, May 15                        Friday, May 18                  

6:30am_________                     6:30am_________           

7:00am_________                     7:00am_________

7:30am_________                     7:30am_________           

8:00am_________                     8:00am_________           

8:30am_________                     8:30am_________

9:00am_________                     9:00am_________ 


If you choose to do screening with your primary doctor during 2018 please have this form completed and return to Chelsie at City Hall for VEBA incentive eligibility.

Physician Screening Letter




2018 MAR Financial Reports

2018 MAR Council Summary



2018 MAR Balance Sheet

2018 MAR Cash_Investments

2018 MAR Fund Income Statement

2018 MAR Fund Summary

2018 MAR General Capital

2018 MAR Fund Income Statement-DETAIL

2018 MAR Investment Positions

2018 MAR Special Fund Tracking

2018 MAR General Reserve Estimate